At least 25% of people with diabetes are unaware of their disease. They are quietly doing chores, do not pay attention to the symptoms, but the diabetes is gradually destroying their body. This disease is called the silent killer. The initial period of ignoring diabetes can result in heart attack, kidney failure, eye drops or having problems with their feet. Less often it happens that a diabetic falls into a coma due to elevated blood sugar, passes through the intensive care unit, and then begins to be treated.
On this page you will learn important information about the symptoms of diabetes. Here we describe the early symptoms that are easy to “write off” as a cold or age-related changes. However, after reading this article, you’ll be on the lookout. Take measures in time to prevent the development of diabetic complications. If you suspect that you have diabetes, compare your symptoms to those described below. Then go to the lab and hand over a blood test for sugar. Optimum is not an analysis of sugar on an empty stomach, and in the analysis of glycated hemoglobine.
Learn the rules of sugar in the blood , in order to understand the test results. If the sugar is turned higher, then follow the step by step method of treating diabetes without starvation diet, insulin injections and harmful pills. The majority of adult men and women ignore the early symptoms of diabetes in themself and their children. They hope that “maybe will pass by itself.” Unfortunately, this is a bad strategy. Because such patients will still get to see a doctor later, but in a more serious condition.
If the symptoms of diabetes occur in a child or a young person under 25 years, without being overweight, then most likely it is type 1 diabetes. For its treatment they have to prick insulin. If diabetes is suspected ona person over the age of 40 years and overweight, it is likely to be type 2 diabetes. But this is simply indicative. To determine exactly what type of diabetes, go see a doctor – an endocrinologist.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes
Typically, the symptoms of type 1 diabetes is increasing rapidly in humans, for several days, and very strong. Often, the patient suddenly falls into a diabetic coma (loses consciousness), is urgently transported to the hospital and diagnosed with diabetes that was already there.
We list the symptoms of type 1 diabetes:
- thirst man drinking 3-5 liters of fluid per day;
- odor of acetone in the breath;
- patient increased appetite, he eats a lot, but still dramatically thinner;
- Frequent and copious (this is called polyuria), especially at night;
- wounds do not heal;
- itchy skin, often fungi or boils.
Type 1 diabetes often begins within 2-4 weeks after a viral infection (influenza, rubella, measles, and so on) or severe stress.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes
This type of diabetes develops gradually over several years, usually in older people. The person is constantly tired, doesn’t heal wounds, has reduced eyesight and memory deteriorates. But he did not realize that this is actually the symptoms of diabetes. Most often, type 2 diabetes is diagnosed by chance.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes:
- general complaints: fatigue, blurred vision, memory problems;
- skin itching, frequent fungi, wounds do not heal;
- thirst – up to 3-5 liters of fluid per day;
- ulcers on the legs and feet, numbness or tingling in the legs, pain when walking;
- women – thrush, which is difficult to treat;
- in the later stages of the disease – weight loss without dieting;
- Diabetes occurs without symptoms – in 50% of patients;
- loss of vision, kidney disease, sudden heart attack, stroke – the first manifestation of type 2 diabetes in 20-30% of patients (quickly see a doctor, do not pull!).
If you are overweight, as well as fatigue, poorly healing wounds, falls eyesight, deteriorating memory –do not be too lazy to check blood sugar levels. If it is increased it needs to be treated. If you will not do that,you do not think that it is too early to die, and before you know it you will have severe complications of diabetes (blindness, kidney failure, ulcers and gangrene in the legs, stroke, heart attack).
The symptoms of diabetes in children
The younger the child, who begins diabetes, the greater will be its symptoms cast from those observed in adults. This is useful information for all parents and in particular for doctors. Because in practice pediatrician diabetes it is very rare. The symptoms of diabetes in children, doctors usually mistaken for symptoms of other diseases.
How to distinguish between type 1 diabetes from type 2 diabetes?
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes – acute illness begins suddenly. In type 2 diabetes health condition worsens gradually. Previously, “Young disease” was considered only as type 1 diabetes, but now this boundary blurred. In type 1 diabetes – obesity, as a rule, is absent.
To distinguish type 1 diabetes from type 2 diabetes, you will need to pass a urine test for sugar as well as blood glucose and C-peptide.
Now we will explain why in diabetes patients, there are certain symptoms. If you understand the cause-and-effect relationship, you will be able to more successfully treat and control your diabetes.
Thirst and increased urine excretion
In diabetes, for one reason or another, the sugar level rises in the blood (glucose). The body tries to get rid of it – to bring it in the urine. But if the concentration of glucose in the urine is too high – it will not pass the kidney. Therefore, urine should be plenty. To “produce” a lot of urine, the body needs a fair amount of water. So there is a strong symptom of thirst in diabetes. The patient has frequent urination. He gets up several times a night – a typical early symptom of diabetes.
Odor acetone in exhaled air
In diabetes, blood glucose levels a lot, but the cells can not absorb it, because there is not enough insulin or does not effectively act. Therefore, cells of the body (except brain) go to food fat reserves.
When the body breaks down fats then appear the so-called “ketone bodies” (b-hydroxybutyric acid, acetoacetic acid, acetone). When the concentration of ketone bodies in blood becomes high – they become prominent during breathing, and in the exhaled air appears odor of acetone.
Increased appetite in diabetes
In diabetes, the human body does not have enough insulin, or it does not operate efficiently. Although blood glucose is more than enough, the cells can not absorb it because of problems with insulin and “starve”. They are sending hunger signals to the brain, and the person increases the appetite.
The patient eats well, but the carbohydrates that come from food, the body tissues do not absorb. Increased appetite continues as long as the problem is not solved with insulin or until the cells will be transferred to food fats. In the latter case of type 1 diabetes may develop ketoacidosis.
Skin itching, frequent yeast infections, thrush
In diabetes, glucose levels increased in all body fluids. Too much sugar is released including sweat. Fungi and bacteria love warm moist environment with a high concentration of sugar, in which they feed. Get that blood glucose levels close to normal and the situation with the skin and thrush improves.
Why diabetes wounds do not heal
When blood glucose concentration is increased – it has a toxic effect on the walls of blood vessels and all the cells which are washed by blood flow. To ensure the healing of wounds in the body there are many complex processes. In particular, the share healthier skin cells.
As the tissues have toxic effects of “excess” of glucose, all these processes slow down. Favorable conditions are also created for the prosperity of infections. Add that in women with diabetes, premature skin aging.
In the end, we want to, once again, advise you to quickly check your blood sugar levels and consult a doctor, endocrinologist, if observed in yourself or your loved ones have the symptoms of diabetes. Completely cure is, even now,impossible. But to take the diabetes under control and live a normal life – is quite real. And it may be easier than you think.